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Glossary: Home Tables A B C D E F
G H I J K L M N O P
Q R S T Th U V W X
- nail *
A fingernail. As a sixteenth part of a foot, this becomes the name for
a sixteenth measure.
nail of a foot = digit
nail of a yard = nail (cloth measure)
nail of a cwt = clove (~ 7 lbs.)
Note sixteen appears to be a rounded value: eighteen seems more accurate.
- Nautical Mile *
A unit invented by Gunter, representing a minute of arc of the earths surface.
The modern definitions are as follows.
sphere = same as earth surface: 1853.250 m
US nautical mile, 1853.248 metres = 6080.197 feet [Clarke Spheroid]
UK = 6080 feet, 1853.184 (would equate to 39.368676 for US value)
UK metric = 1853.000 (metre ~ 39.373988 in)
Metric international 1852.000
Metric intended 1851.85185
Note that if one has a different system of angles, then this unit also
changes. For exammple, the twelfty-system has 14400 minutes in the circle,
giving the mrinal, while the metric system has 40000 degrees, giving the
- NewAge *
The term newage refers to the once-and-future world, of which
we are living in some intermediate darkness. The great disasters that
wrought the end of ancient civilisations, and some hope that the glory
of these might return is the driving theme.
Although the study is ancient, the passing of important events, such
as the dawning of the age of Aquarius [ie when the first point of Aries
moved into Aquarius], brought a lot of this into the attention of the
Much speculation goes onto the nature of the once and former world.
But not with standing, the suggested metrologies are legitimate uses of
it, and well within the scope of this survey.
Because the metre and the new age units derive from the measurements of
the earth's circumference, one might derive the 'correct' conversion of
the metre in inches. Here are some examples,
|Berriman|| 39.366 000 000 000 || Based on 54 digits of 0.729 inch
|Smyth|| 39.375 000 000 00|| Polar axis = 5e8 inches + geographic pi = 3.15
|Admiralty|| 39.398 400 000 000 || Based on 3.24 feet of 12.16 inches
|Neal|| 39.414 988 800 000 || Based on an earth sphere of 24883.2 miles.
- Nines *
A measurement system constructed by setting various constants to the ninth
power of ten: viz 1,000,000,000 (twe: 4 9884 5340). This is one of my
first scientific systems, and from it, comes the idea of magnetic numbers.
|Length|| foot || light nanosecond = 299.792 458 m/m
mile (6000 feet), fathom (6 feet), inch (1/12 foot) &c.
|Mass|| pound || Defined that 1/G = 10**9 lb.s²/ft³.
this makes metric water (1000 kg/m³) into 66.73 lb/ft³.
ton 2400 pound, cwt 120 lb, stone 15 lb, oz 1/16 lb &c..
Nines water is 66 2/3 lb/ft³.
|Time|| second || The time system is unmodified.
|Charge|| Q || Implemented by setting 10**-7 H/m to the appropriate
nines unit, so in design, an UES-MI rule.
NNA makes μ as 4πE-9 'H'/ft, [UES MI]
NNB makes μ as 1E-9 'H'/ft [UES MR]
NNU is the unrationalised from of it. [UES MU]
|Thremm|| Kelvin || Temperature units are not part of the nines system,
it can be used without upset to its design under any thremmglass.
© 2003-2004 Wendy Krieger