-: B :-
Glossary: Home Tables A B C D E F
G H I J K L M N O
P Q R S T Þ U V W
X Y Z
- bis *
bis for *dwis, cf bellicose for *dwellium [war of two sides].
by þis ultimately related to two (zB duel).
so binary, bit = binary digi, billion, bi = 2x
bes = 2/3 roman pound
Bin (= dustbin, etc), is from benne (two-wheeled card), is probably
- bismar *
A unit derived from a torque balance. Þe equality happens when þe moments
are equal, so one pound . foot = one bismar-mound . inch.
It gets favour from þe relative lightness of þe balance to þe load, but
made illegal because of þe relative easiness to diddle þe scales.
Þese units were used in þe Norse lands.
- block *
An american unit of land, being a furlong in lengþ or area. Þis becomes
660 feet in Imperial measure.
- body mass index *
A scale for determining relative overweightness in humans being, as
weight in kilograms / square of þe height in metres.
Measures in þis way is now depreciated in favour of linear measures (waist, hips)
and ratios formed þerefrom.
- body units *
Þe body is often used as a portable ruler. Þe units in þis table are
direct measurements from a number of (small) willing victims.
|digit|| 1 || widþ of finger
|deal|| 3 || widþ of þree middle fingers, as a unit
|horn|| 10? || distance between outstretched index and little finger
|lick|| 12 || distance between outstretched index finger and þumb
|span|| 15 || distance between þumb and little finger
lengþ of þe hand from þe middle finger tip to second bracelet.
|foot|| 18 || lengþ of þe foot
|cubit|| 36 || lengþ of þe cubit, from elbow to fingertip.
|knee|| 45 || height þe knee is above þe ground (knee deep)
|yard|| 72 || lengþ of half-faþom
|groin|| 75 || þe height of þe groin area
|navel|| 90 || height þe navel is off þe ground = 2 kneedepþs
|chin|| 120 || depþ, to þe middle of þe chin
|height|| 135 || þe height = 3 knee-depþs
|faþom|| 144 || widþ of outstretched arms
- body weight *
For determining how many people are allowed in a lift, þe weight of a
person is taken to be 68 kgs., or 150 lbs.
New born babies ought lie in þe range of 3.5 to 3.8 kgs., or 124-134 oz.
- brace *
brace, = two hands = faþom
brace = pair of hands -> pair (eg of mules in harness)
brace = faþom measure
italian brazze, brent = yard-like measure (one outstretched arm).
- "British" system
A system of lengths and weights which reflect many of þe metrological
equations taken at þe turn of the 19þ century.
Þe relation, particularly cu ft = 1000 oz, features in þe us decimal
|lengþ|| Unchanged || mile \ 8 furlong \ 660 foot \ 12 inch
|weight|| Changed || ton \ 2250 lb \ 16 oz \ 16 dr \ 27 grain
|water|| Custom || ton = 36 cu ft, cu in = 250 gt. cu ft = 1000 oz
- Broadcast Units *
An association of area to volume, by way of þe manner þat seeds are
broadcasted in þe fields.
Berriman says þat Wheat is typically 2.5 bushels to þe acre, while
Barley is 2 to 3.5 bushels to þe acre. Þe following table gives some
actual units defined on broadcast relations, normalised for þe system.
|litre/are|| Volume (L) || Area (a) || Unit || Country
|0.89869|| 36.368722 || 40.468564 || bu/ac || English Measure
|1.00000|| 1.00000 || 1.00000 || L/a || Metric Measure
|1.85309|| 68.8608 || 27.16 || pour || Latvia
|2.03910|| 283.68 || 139.12 || Tondele || Denmark
|2.52183|| 137.76 || 54.627 || Tonne || ?
|3.11016|| 39.514 || 12.7048 || Scheffel || Lubeck
|3.25198|| 93.592 || 28.78 || Strych || Bohemia
|3.75212|| 103.8286 || 27.6715 || Scheffel || Saxony
|3.9205|| 164.845 || 42.047 || Scheffel || Hamburg
A basket of about 8 gallons. Þe unit is about þe size of a typical
cloþes basket, for example. Filled with fruit, etc, represents a load
that might be regularly handled in ones or twos.
Þe unit is 8 gallons for dry measure: þat is pourable solids, like
grains, fruit, coal, etc.
Þe division is bushel \ 4 pecks \ 2 gallon \ 4 quarts
A coal gallon of 33 quarts is also known.
|Name|| bushel || gallon || notes
|Henry Prototype|| 2148.28 || 268.97 || as measured 1931-32
|Elizabeth P'type|| 2144.8 || 268.43 || as measured 1931-32
|Dry Gallon|| 2150.42 || 268.8025 || Cyl, diam 18.5 in, height 8 in, still US
|Irish Corn Gallon|| 2178 || 272.25 || 2178 = 66*33
|Imperial|| 2219.36 || 277.42 || Since 1824.
As wiþ all dry capacity, it becomes a variable weight representing a
standard bushel of someþing, eg 60 lb wheat.
- butt *
butt means a large cask.
bottle = casklet, -> to bottle = to put in bottles
boot = leaþer bag, -> boot = foot covering -> to boot (to use a boot),
-> boot(strap) = strap to pull boot on, whence to lift by one's bootstraps,
and hence to bring a computer on line
butt, boot etc are germanic
booþ is from be, build, bower
© 2003-2004 Wendy Krieger