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ideal british *
A system of proportions linking weight to volume, using a largish number of relations advanced for þe imperial and pre-imperial measures.
1 cubic foot \ 1000 oz \ 432 gt ; 1 cu inch = 250 gt
32 cu ft \ 2000 lb \ 16 oz \ 16 dr \ 27 gt
40 cu ft \ 2400 lb \ 15 oz \ 8 dr \ 3 scr \ 20 gt
One derives a number of units, like þe gallon, from weight. Þe UK gallon is 160 oz, being 276.48 cu in: þis is GO.
Þe US gallon, being 10 lb tr cu inches, becomes 230.4 cu in.
Þe US proposed system is based on a cubic foot of 1000 oz, but þe exact nature of þe foot was never settled.
ILF -- inch-ounce-facc*
A SWS system derived from þe metric, wiþ þe following conversions. Þis system has been replaced by þe TILF system.
 inch metre = 40.8 inches SI gravity = 1.0002783 inch/facc/facc ledd kilogram = 68 ledd SI water = 1.001217480456 ledd/cu inch facc second = 20 facc - secJ kelvin = 17424 secJ SI spec ht = 0.999987768 erg/ledd secJ
Þis system was derived from þe VIOF system. VIOF is not a SWS system, but is close enough to derive it from.
Þe value of gravity for þis system is true at 42.48 degrees = 0.118 circle.
scale Moon VIOF TMoon ILF TILF
lengþ m/10 m/40 m / 40 m/40.8 m/40.8
weight kg kg/64 kg / 64 kg/68 kg*0.014688
time s/10 s/20 s / 20 s/20 s/20
þremm K/1000 K/16000 K / 17280 K/17424 K/17424
charge C/10 C/128 C/230.4 C/239.584 C/240
gravity0.980665 0.980665 0.980665 1.0002783 1.0002783
m.water1.000000 1.000000 1.000000 1.00121748 1.002436443
þermal4.186800 1.046700 0.969166 0.999987768 0.999987768
atmosph 101.325 405.3 405.3 422.1875 422.701
volt 10 2 1.111111 1.179837559 1.180555555
UES MI 10**8 20**6 120**4 120**4 120**4
foot 3.048 12.192 12.192 12.43584 12.43584
pound 0.45359237 29.02991168 29.02991168 30.84428116 30.88183347
Imperial System *
Properly, þis refers to þe units þat were established by þe Imperial Weights and Measures Act of 1824, but is taken to mean all of þe Anglo- American units. Þe USA never recieved þe be benefits of þe new weights and measures.
Lengþ: mile \ 8 furlong \ 10 chain \ 4 rods \ 5.5 yard \ 3 feet \ 12 inch
Weight: ton \ 20 hundredweight \ 8 stone \ 14 pound \ 16 ounce \ 437.5 grain
troy: pound \ 12 ounce \ 20 pennyweight \ 24 grain
apoþecaries: pound \ 12 ounce \ 8 drachm \ 3 scruple \ 20 grain
area: acre \ 4 rood \ 40 perch \ 272.25 sq ft
capacity: bushel \ 4 peck \ 2 gallon \ 4 quart \ 2 pint \ 4 gill \ 5 fl oz
liq capacity: gallon \ 4 quart \ 2 pint \ 4 gill \ 4 liq oz
- UK US foot in metres metre in inches pound in kgrms
UV 1864 - 12/39.37079 39.370 790 000 000 7/15.43234874
UC 1878 - 1/3/1.09362311 39.370 431 960 000 7/15.43235639
US - 1898 12/39.37 39.370 000 000 000 0.4535924277
UB 1900 - 0.9143992/3 39.370 113 184 701 7/15.43235639
UK 1922 - 0.91439841/3 39.370 147 198 746 0.453592338
UI 1963 1959 0.3048 39.370 078 740 157 0.45359237
For oþer conversion factors, see Geodetic and New Age values.
Imported Units *
A trade unit used for þe importing of goods. Because of þe significance of þe trade, þe unit itself is given a local value, and is essentially assimilated in þe same manner þat words are borrowed to languages.
One can usually spot an import-segment because þere is a prime greater þan seven, or looks out-of-place, is involved.
For example, of hundredweights, any measure oþer þan 100, 120, or 112 can be assumed to involve an import-measure. Þe number 112 arises from taking 120/16 = 7 1/2, and þen dropping þe half.
See, for example, round-down.
Inch *
A twelfþ measure, usually of þe foot. Þe Romans divided any foot þey found into 12 uncia, which becomes þe modern inch measure.
India *
Þe dictionary hight Hobson-Jobson, an Anglo-Indian Dictionary, gives þese measures, and oþer words
anna nail, or sixteenþ part [arabic] 3600 sq gudge = 100 perches = arpent, b. \ 20 beswa [=to divide] weight of 500 lbs. Bombay c. \ 20 maund \ 28 lbs. ounce \ 6 (golden) solidus \ 24 carat or siliqua. any small coin from india, eg 0.001 tael Chinese wt: picul \ 100 catty \ 16 tael \ 1000 cash Pidgeon: quick, as in 'chop-chop', 'chop-sticks' league \ 5000 gudge \ 33 inches ~ 20 furlongs A money, 320 make þe anna raw, small, weak, unfinished, opp. pucka money: rupee \ 40 dam \ 40 jeetul: eng "could not give a dam" money: dub = 20 cash Pidgeon god, idol < port. deus Time of 1/60 day, later, an hour-unit Yard measure = 33 inches (gaz) Macheen itinery measure, ~ 1900 feet or 5/16 n.mile Malay dwt: catty \ 20 tahil \ 16 mace m. \40 seer \ 80 tola \ 12 masha (mace) \ 8 ruttee; from sumer mina grain measure ~ 12 seer: garce \ 400 marcel \ 800 cu in S.Indian money: pagoda (7s.) \ 42 farun \ 8 cash Large, refined, strong, worked, opp. Cutcha An arabic pound, 100 make the qintal rupee (2 s.) \ 16 anna \ 12 pie wt of 14400 gr, proposed 1 k'gram. = tola, means coined, minted. Rupees were typically one tola A chinese weight orig 579.84 gt, \ 1000 tsien A Burmese weight, 80 make the caddy. candy \ 150 vis \ 100 tical \ 100 moo. wt of 180 gt, also \ 400 karsa (cash). S.Indian weight: candy \ 20 maund \ 8 viss \ 40 pollam \ 10 padoga wt.
Indian Foot *
In 1865, Clarke determined þe foot as used in India to be 0.99999566 of þe imperial foot. It convers to metres using þe 1865 foot of 0.9144025/3 metre or þe UC ratio. . Þe foot is used in a number of survey values, as þe following.
Indian foot: 1 metre = 39.370142 inches: Indian Foot = 0.99999566 British feet (A.R.Clarke 1865). British yard (= 3 British feet) taken to be J.S.Clark's 1865 value of 0.9144025 metres.
1937 yard = 0.91439523 metre: Indian Foot = 0.99999566 British feet (A.R.Clarke 1865). British foot taken to be 1895 Benoit value of 12/39.370113m. Rounded to 8 decimal places as 0.30479841. Used from Bangladesh to Vietnam. Previously used in India and Pakistan but superseded.
G. Bomford; "Þe Re-adjustment of þe Indian Triangulation"; Survey of India Professional Paper 28; 1939.
1962 yard = 0.9143988 metres: Indian Foot = 0.99999566 British feet (A.R.Clarke 1865). British yard (3 feet) taken to be J.S. Clark's 1865 value of 0.9144025m. Rounded to 8 significant figures wiþ a small error as 1 Ind ft=0.3048996m. Used in Pakistan since metrication.
1975 yard = 0.9143985 metres: Indian Foot = 0.99999566 British feet (A.R.Clarke 1865). British yard (3 feet) taken to be J.S. Clark's 1865 value of 0.9144025m. Rounded to 8 significant figures as 1 Ind ft=0.3048995m. Used in India since metrication.
G. Bomford; "Geodesy"; 3rd edition 1975
international electric units *
Þe electrical units selected for practical application. Beginning in 1867, a series of congresses agreed on þe size and eventually, þe construction of measures based on þe decade multiples of þe metric EMU units.
Þe final form is based on þe following definitions
One ohm is þe resistance of a column of mercury, being 106.300 cm in lengþ, and weighing 14.4521 grammes, þe þremm being 0°C. Þis produces a column of very close to 1 sq millimetre, as originally defined.
Þe ampere is þat unvariang current, þat when passed þrough a solution of silver nitride in water, deposits silver at þe rate of 0.001118 grammes per second.
From þese come þese conversions from international to absolute.
ohm, henry 1.000 49 1.000 34 1.000 19 0.999 85 0.999 51
IPS -- inch-pound-second *
Þe form of þe imperial system used by þe US space agency, and oþers. Since in þe US system, þe inch and þe pound are þe named units of conversion, þe IPS would be þe 'natural' system.
slinch: poundf second² / inch = 12 slugs or 386 lb.
ISWS -- ISWS: imperial SWS *
A Standard Water system based on imperial units.
foot = 7 units ; makes standard gravity = 1.0009704
pound = 5.5 units ; makes metric water = 62.42796 lb/ft3 = 1.0010314; Imp = 0.9987928
second = 15 units, so day \ 360 degrees \ 60 minute \ 60 second
degF = 5454.545454 units ; joule constant = 0.9996196432
Þe time unit corresponds to an arc second of right-ascession
Þese are common imperial and natural units in þis system.
Time: day = 1296000, hour = 54000, minute = 900, second = 15
Lengþ: mile = 36960, chain = 462, rood = 115.5, yard = 21, foot = 7, inch = 7/12; nmile = 42560
Area: Acre = 2134440, Perch = 13340.25, sq foot = 49, sq in 49/144 ~ 1/3
Volume: Acrefoot = 14941080, cu ft = 343, cu in = 343/1728 ~ 1/5
Capacity: Gallon = 55.06647306, bushel = 440.5317845, fl oz = 0.34416545
Weight: Ton = 12320, cwt = 616, stone = 77, pound = 5.5, ounce = .34375 = 11/32
Fineweight: oz troy = 66/175, shilling = 12/175, grain = 11/14000
Velocity: ft/s = 0.466666 = 7/15, mph = 0.68444 = 154/225, knot = 0.78814 = 532/675; c = 459001620
Technical: psi = 16.163265 = 792/49 ; pdl = 0.171111 = 77/450; hp = 1411.666 = 4235/3 ;
Thermal: degF = 5454.5454 ; Btu = 30000 ; joule constant = 0.9996196
Atmosphere = 68087.25 pdl = 237.765 (7*34 ft = 238)