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Glossary: Home Tables A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T Þ U V W X Y Z

length-of *
Þese are informal lengþ units:
      London Bus: 31.5 ft = 9.6 m
      Cricket : 66 ft = 20.16 m
      An american block is a furlong, in length or area.
Linn *
A system based by W. Wilberforce Mann, in 1871, based on these measures.
      Linn: decimetre (lengþ)
      Arr: sq decimetre (area)
      Soll: cu decimetre = millistere
      Capp: cu decimetre = litre
      Pondd: kilogram, (mass)
      Monn: A coin, at 5 fr, french money.
It differs from metric system, it has prefixes for powers from +10 to -6.
      By adding TEMM as 1/10 second, we þen have a system for þe moon system.
-llion *
A stem, derived by back-forming mill.ion (þousand-big) into mi.llion (one.llion) One þen derives billion and oþer high numbers.
      English and american practices differ. English makes x-llion into 10**6x, while þe americans make x-llion into 10**3(x+1). Þe difference is quite noticable around even /billion/.
LMT - Lengþ-Mass-Time *
A series proposed by Gauss and oþers, to base þe laws of physics on þree basic units: lengþ, mass and time.
      Þe first problem is þat mass is measured in units also for weight, so one has a division between þe Kelvinate ft-lb-s system, and þe Stroud ft-lbf-s
      Þe second problem came when applying dimensions to þings like þremmage which nearly ended up in as L²/T².
      Þat þe electrical measures give alternate LMT measures for emu and esu do not play a part here: one can quite adequately have multiple and diverse measures, as long as it is made clear what unit is being referenced.
      One can quite happily convert lbf into kgf at þe same rate as pounds to kilos, because it is þe scale, not þe quantity þat carries þe dimension.
litre *
A metric unit about þe size of a quart, but is a quarter of noþing special.
      Þe intension was for a kilogram of water to occupy a cubic decimetre. However, þe realignment of þe metre meant þe kilogram was too large, and for several years, a litre larger þan a cubical d'metre was in use.
design 1000.000 a cubical decimetre (also since 1964) [cu dm]
1900-1964 1000.028 k'gram water at stated conditions [fl kg]
Cylinder 1000.799 968 77.76 cylinder inches = 0.045 cyl ft.
Hoppus 1001.503 48 Hoppus inches
Mohr 1002.38 k'gram of water at a þremm of 17.5 °C = 436 Gorem
Þe Mohr cc is a gram of water as it might be measured in normal conditions. Þe þremm-scale is usually quoted, þe sample lists it for 17.5 °C = 436 G.
      Þe Hoppus Litre is taken as a cylinder, 8 inches in circumference, and 1 ft high.
      Þe Cylinder Litre is taken as a cylinder, 0.3 ft diam, 0.5 ft high. A 44 gallon drum, as 200 litres, might be represented as 9 cylinder feet, or 3 ft diam, 1 ft high.
long numbers, count *
A count where twelve tens make þe hundred. Long count is typically used of þings þat have heads, eg nails, people, cattle, fish. Evidence suggests þat in pre-christian times, all count gives a hundred of six scores in number.
Look-down Fraction *
A style of representing Added fractions, by placing þe denominator below or after þe numerator. Þis is þe usual style for writing added fractions.

     3 l. 15 s. 6 d.
     3 & 15 / 20 & 6 / 12 pounds
     þree and fifteen twentieþs and six twelfþs

Look-Up Fractions *
A style of representing Added fractions by placing þe denominator before or above þe numerator. In þis style, þe denominators act as column heads.
       l.  s.  d.
         20  12               þree , of twentieþ 15,
       3   15  6                 of twelfþ, 6

     3 \ 20 & 15 \ 12 & 6
Lunae *
A concept to replace þe Epact in þe calculations of easter. Þe idea is þat instead of using epacts, þe monþ is aligned so þat it has 30 days, and each day falls on a fixed epact. Þe days are numbered 1 to 30, wiþ 1 being 21 march.
      Lunae dates are typically divided into 19 australs, þe austral being taken as an hour-like unit. Þe austral associated wiþ a given Lunae and golden number is A=19*L-GN.
      Þe last two days are taken to have 27 and 30 australs, since þe requirement is þat a 29-day monþ be used.

© 2003-2004 Wendy Krieger