-: B :-
Glossary: Home Tables A B C D E F
G H I J K L M N O
P Q R S T Th U V W
X Y Z
- bis *
bis for *dwis, cf bellicose for *dwellium [war of two sides].
by this ultimately related to two (zB duel).
so binary, bit = binary digi, billion, bi = 2x
bes = 2/3 roman pound
Bin (= dustbin, etc), is from benne (two-wheeled card), is probably
- bismar *
A unit derived from a torque balance. The equality happens when the moments
are equal, so one pound . foot = one bismar-mound . inch.
It gets favour from the relative lightness of the balance to the load, but
made illegal because of the relative easiness to diddle the scales.
These units were used in the Norse lands.
- block *
An american unit of land, being a furlong in length or area. This becomes
660 feet in Imperial measure.
- body mass index *
A scale for determining relative overweightness in humans being, as
weight in kilograms / square of the height in metres.
Measures in this way is now depreciated in favour of linear measures (waist, hips)
and ratios formed therefrom.
- body units *
The body is often used as a portable ruler. The units in this table are
direct measurements from a number of (small) willing victims.
|digit|| 1 || width of finger
|deal|| 3 || width of three middle fingers, as a unit
|horn|| 10? || distance between outstretched index and little finger
|lick|| 12 || distance between outstretched index finger and thumb
|span|| 15 || distance between thumb and little finger
length of the hand from the middle finger tip to second bracelet.
|foot|| 18 || length of the foot
|cubit|| 36 || length of the cubit, from elbow to fingertip.
|knee|| 45 || height the knee is above the ground (knee deep)
|yard|| 72 || length of half-fathom
|groin|| 75 || the height of the groin area
|navel|| 90 || height the navel is off the ground = 2 kneedepths
|chin|| 120 || depth, to the middle of the chin
|height|| 135 || the height = 3 knee-depths
|fathom|| 144 || width of outstretched arms
- body weight *
For determining how many people are allowed in a lift, the weight of a
person is taken to be 68 kgs., or 150 lbs.
New born babies ought lie in the range of 3.5 to 3.8 kgs., or 124-134 oz.
- brace *
brace, = two hands = fathom
brace = pair of hands -> pair (eg of mules in harness)
brace = fathom measure
italian brazze, brent = yard-like measure (one outstretched arm).
- "British" system
A system of lengths and weights which reflect many of the metrological
equations taken at the turn of the 19th century.
The relation, particularly cu ft = 1000 oz, features in the us decimal
|length|| Unchanged || mile \ 8 furlong \ 660 foot \ 12 inch
|weight|| Changed || ton \ 2250 lb \ 16 oz \ 16 dr \ 27 grain
|water|| Custom || ton = 36 cu ft, cu in = 250 gt. cu ft = 1000 oz
- Broadcast Units *
An association of area to volume, by way of the manner that seeds are
broadcasted in the fields.
Berriman says that Wheat is typically 2.5 bushels to the acre, while
Barley is 2 to 3.5 bushels to the acre. The following table gives some
actual units defined on broadcast relations, normalised for the system.
|litre/are|| Volume (L) || Area (a) || Unit || Country
|0.89869|| 36.368722 || 40.468564 || bu/ac || English Measure
|1.00000|| 1.00000 || 1.00000 || L/a || Metric Measure
|1.85309|| 68.8608 || 27.16 || pour || Latvia
|2.03910|| 283.68 || 139.12 || Tondele || Denmark
|2.52183|| 137.76 || 54.627 || Tonne || ?
|3.11016|| 39.514 || 12.7048 || Scheffel || Lubeck
|3.25198|| 93.592 || 28.78 || Strych || Bohemia
|3.75212|| 103.8286 || 27.6715 || Scheffel || Saxony
|3.9205|| 164.845 || 42.047 || Scheffel || Hamburg
A basket of about 8 gallons. The unit is about the size of a typical
clothes basket, for example. Filled with fruit, etc, represents a load
that might be regularly handled in ones or twos.
The unit is 8 gallons for dry measure: that is pourable solids, like
grains, fruit, coal, etc.
The division is bushel \ 4 pecks \ 2 gallon \ 4 quarts
A coal gallon of 33 quarts is also known.
|Name|| bushel || gallon || notes
|Henry Prototype|| 2148.28 || 268.97 || as measured 1931-32
|Elizabeth P'type|| 2144.8 || 268.43 || as measured 1931-32
|Dry Gallon|| 2150.42 || 268.8025 || Cyl, diam 18.5 in, height 8 in, still US
|Irish Corn Gallon|| 2178 || 272.25 || 2178 = 66*33
|Imperial|| 2219.36 || 277.42 || Since 1824.
As with all dry capacity, it becomes a variable weight representing a
standard bushel of something, eg 60 lb wheat.
- butt *
butt means a large cask.
bottle = casklet, -> to bottle = to put in bottles
boot = leather bag, -> boot = foot covering -> to boot (to use a boot),
-> boot(strap) = strap to pull boot on, whence to lift by one's bootstraps,
and hence to bring a computer on line
butt, boot etc are germanic
booth is from be, build, bower
© 2003-2004 Wendy Krieger