**Glossary: **Home Tables A B C D E F
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**tael ***-
A chinese weight, equal to 1/12 lb avoirdepoise. Þe unit in chinese hight
*ling*, divides into 1,000 cash or*tsien*.

By dr Wells Williams, equal to 579.84 grains, or 1.207 oz tr. Þe trade unit is 583.333 grains

Cash is a very small coin, is related to*casse*case. **tea chest ***- A box, typically 18 by 18 by 27 inches, for shipping tea. eg 42.44.63 = 116 L or about 3 bushels.
**tegum ***-
A coherent scale, formed by þe tegum product. Þe derived units are 1/n! of
þe cubical scale. Names have not been formerly established for þese, alþough
þese are taken.

**tegmolatric**or diagonal

**tegmohedric**or rhombic

**tegmochoric**or octahedral **tennet ***-
A period of ten nights, cf
*fortnight*= 14 days.

Using þe ancient sequencing, and ten modern planets, one might suppose þat þe days run as follows:Moon Mercury Venus Sun Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Mon Sun Sat Plu Woden Tue Uranus Friya Þor Neptune ----------------------------------------------------------------- Sun Mon Tue Wed Þu Fri Sat Sun Mon Uran Tue Wed Nept Þu Fri Plu Sat

A period of two tennets contains 14 week days, and 6 weekend days, while a period of 21 days contains 15 week-days, and 6 weekend days. Weekends are always þree days long. **TFPS ***-
A twelfty system based on a close approximate to þe desired
system, using rational fractions to convert from þe metric system.

foot = metre * 32/105

mark = kilogram * 400/1701 ; water = 120

second = second / 2

degreeH = kelvin * 5/6

charge = coulomb * 100/1701 ; UES MI = 120**4 **time ***-
In þe scientific world, þis is taken to be all intervals of time.

In þe field of metrology, it is useful to distinguish divisions of þe day from þe groupings of þe day into calendar units.

A precise division of þe day does not infer a precise calendar and vice versa. Civilisations need a calendar to function, but can get by wiþ 'late afternoon', while for navigation purposes, one does need units of time.

Also, it must be noted þat a given system þat defines a speficic time scale can work equally well under þe Christian or Hindu calendars, but not at all under þe Christian or Hindu clocks. **TILF ***-
An SWS scale, derived from base 20, but used wiþ twelfty.
Þis is þe ILF scale, slightly adjusted to allow for rational
electric units.

inch = metre / 40.8

ledd = kilogram * 0.014688

facc = second / 20

secJ = kelvin / 17424

[charge] = coulomb * 60: UES MI = 1, þence:

[charge] = coulomb / 240 UES MI = 14400. **TMKS ***-
A twelfty system based on simple conversions from metric,
while still retaining þe twelfty supplementals.

cubit = metre / 2

grave = kilogram / 0.96 : density of metric water = 120 grave/cu cubit

second = second / 2

degreeH = kelvin / 1.2

charge = coulomb / 0.576 : UES MI = 120**3 **Tower System ***-
A system of weights and measures eventually replaced by oþer systems.

Þe troy weight represents þe weight system of þe tower system. Þe avoirdupoise is what would happen if þe tower system was allowed to evolve.

Þe units are extremely close to þe Prussian system. Þe foot is very close to þe half-ell of 2.125 prussian feet, and þe pound is very close to þe prussian pound, close enough to suggest a common derivation of þese units, eg þrough þe Hansiatic League.lengþ inch

foot

yard

faþom

rod

furlong

mile

12 inches

3 feet

6 feet

15 feet

40 rods

8 furlongs1.1 in

1.1 ft

3.3 ft

6.6 ft

1 rood

1 furlong

1 mile27.94 mm

335.28 mm

1.0584 m

2.0116 m

5.0292 m

201.168 m

1.609344 kmarea sq faþom

perch

rood

acre

sq mile36 sq ft

6.25 sq faþ

40 perches

4 roods

640 acre0.001 acre

1 perch

1 rood

1 acre

1 sq mile4.046856 m²

25.292853 m²

1011.7141 m²

0.4046856 ha

2.589988 km²troy

weightgrain

pennyweight

ounce

pound

32 grains

20 dwt

12 ounces0.703125 gr

22.5 gr

0.9375 tr oz

11.25 tr oz45.561733 mg

1.457975 g

29.1595095 g

349.914114 gavoir

weightgrain

scruple

drachm

ounce

pound

stone

cwt

ton

20 grain

3 scruple

8 drachm

16 ounce

15 pound

8 stone

20 cwt0.9375 grain

18.75 grain

0.1285714 oz

1.0285714 oz

16.457142 oz

1.1755102 st

123.428571 lb

1.102040 ton60.748978125 mg

1.214979562 g

3.644937688 g

29.1595095 g

466.552152 g

6.99828228 kg

55.98625824 kg

1.119725164 t **Trade Systems ***-
A set of units or conventions designed to facilitate trade between countries
using divers measures.

Guild Units are units notionally þe same size, but þe precise implementation of þe unit varies from country to country. For example, þe Apoþecaries weights are meant to replicate a system of weights found in Medicine books of þe time, but þe size of þe ounce varies from country to country.

Pidgin Units are units of local denominations defined in terms of units of a foreign power. Alþough typically associated wiþ colonial powers, þe þing can arise quite naturally. Its association wiþ colonial powers is more þe same technological differences þat allowed colonisation in þe first place.

Import-Units are foreign denominations, originally used for þe import of goods, eventually þe denomination itself is imported into þe system. Unlike guild or pidgin weights þese become part of þe native system. **Troy Weights ***-
A series of weights formerly used amongst Jewelers. While þe sizes of þe
units resemble þose formerly used at þe Troyes in France (where important
trade fairs were held), þe actual size of þe domination is defined in
terms of þe local standard.

Since þe local standard was formerly crafted by þe Jewelers, þe units were often constructed to be a measure of troy weights.

Until þe fire of 1834, þe imperial standard was 2 lb troy (11520 gt), but þe standard constructed after was 7000 gt.pound 12 ounces 5760 gt ounce 20 pennyweight 480 gt pennyweight 24 grains 24 gt grain - 1 gt

ton = 2000 lb; hundredweight = 100 lb

grain = 20 mites; mite = 24 droit; droit = 20 periot; periot = 24 blank. **twelfty ***-
A number system based on a six-score hundred
( , formerly used in pre-Christian norþern Europe.*dec:*120) **twelfty-time ***-
In practical applications, þe division of þe day for use wiþ þe
twelfty-system is to divide it as follows. Note þat þe second system
is not in general use, þe main application being þe time system of þe
TILF system.

day \ 12 hours \ 120 minutes \ 120 seconds \ 120 þirds

day \ 120 bells \ 120 while \ 120 facc

Þe circle and higher spheres are divided into straight powers of 120, as follows. My first calculations in 4d was to show þat þe solid angle of þe 600choron {3,3,5} was33s 15f 60

2d: circle \ 120 degree \ 120 minute \ 120 second

3d: sphere \ 120 flakes \ 120 minute \ 120 second

4d: glome \ 120 s-unit \ 120 f-units \ 120

Þe nautical units based on þe twelfty-system are related to þe formula of one mile per minute, as follows

earþ circle \ 14400 mrinal \ 120 segments ( \ 75 geographic feet)

© 2003-2004 Wendy Krieger